Quebec farm finds success producing guardian donkeys.
If coyotes or wild dogs are killing your sheep or goats, Marie-Noëlle Brien and Cécile Lacroze might be able to help. The women’s farm, Asinerie Les Ânes en Culotte, near Ste-Anne de la Rochelle, Quebec, is one of a handful of places in the province that sells trained guardian donkeys.
The humble donkey has long been the forgotten farm animal. But the personable creatures have gained new respect for how aggressively they protect flocks of sheep from predators.
“Their main advantage over other guardian animals is they eat the same food as sheep, goats, and cattle,” says Cécile Lacroze. “So they will stay in the pasture to protect the flock 24 hours a day. They don’t wander off.”
Fast charges, loud brays. Donkeys have a natural aversion to coyotes and wild dogs; they will quickly attack any they spot near the herd, Lacroze says. Usually a fast charge and loud brays will chase them away. If the predator doesn’t leave quickly enough the donkey will rear up and strike them with their front hooves.
Lacroze and Brien bought their first two donkeys in 2012 after watching a television documentary on them. The pair had been looking for the right farm venture for them since they moved to Brien’s family farm in Quebec’s Eastern Townships the year before, and they found that something about donkeys just appealed to them.
“We fell in love with the animals so we bought many more the same year,” Lacroze says. “They are very tough and are great characters.”
Jennys (female donkeys) or geldings make the best guardians, Lacroze says. Intact males (jacks) are too aggressive and unpredictable for the task and have been known to attack lambs.
“Some donkeys make great guardians, but others eventually become aggressive towards lambs or goats,” Lacroze says. “We can now tell whether one has the right character to protect lambs in just a few weeks.”
If you are going to buy one to protect your flock it’s essential to find one that was raised with the type of animal you want them to protect from a young age, Lacroze says. That way they view them as part of their herd and will be willing to protect them.
Brien and Lacroze keep lambs on site to start preparing the donkeys for their future lives as early as possible. They try to avoid selling donkeys until they’re 2 years old; temperaments of younger ones are too unpredictable.
Donkey milk. The pair also specialize in raising donkeys for milk production. While milking donkeys is quite rare in North America it has become a thriving industry in Italy over the past 25 years. There is now enough demand for their milk in the cosmetic industry that it is credited with saving a lot of the country’s donkey breeds.
Mares are milked once a day after being separated from their offspring for three hours. Typically each animal will yield about a half litre of milk.
“We lyopholize (freeze dry) our milk and sell it for organic cosmetic production or use it in our own line of natural skin care products that we sell online and in our farm store,” Lacroze says. “The composition of donkey milk is quite different from that of cows or goats. One protein in particular, lysozyme, has anti-inflammatory properties and is known for its soothing and hydrating properties.”
The market for their products is slowly building in Quebec, Lacroze says. They are hoping it will follow the same growth curve that it did in Europe. In the meantime they are slowly increasing their production to meet the market’s need.